Depopulation already threatens 42% of Spanish municipalities, so creating initiatives has become an obligation and not a simple warning or advice.
The last autonomous community to act on the matter has been Castilla La Mancha with a law against depopulation. 90% of the municipalities of said community are below the minimum number of inhabitants and at extreme risk of becoming empty. According to a report from the regional government, these 90% of municipalities are home to only 30% of the entire community population. Measures? Tax incentives, support for companies, better education and health to alleviate the rural exodus.
For more than five years, some social entities have been carrying out vital work in the fight against depopulation. In these social entities they are in charge of contacting families who want and/or need a change of scenery, of lifestyle in towns that need population to reactivate their work and social activity.
Unfortunately, these measures are not enough to tackle this massive problem. In fact, according to data from the World Bank, in 2007, for the first time, the urban population exceeded the rural population. It is estimated that this trend will not decrease and will continue to increase. By 2050, 70% of the world’s population will live in cities, which envisions a future with more pollution and with totally abandoned municipalities and villages.